No category

پایان نامه رایگان با موضوع دانشگاه تهران

مقدّم، محمّد هادی، 1373، رساله اثر شرایط و احوال بر قراردادها، دانشگاه تربیت مدرّس.
52) علیزاده، حسین، 1368، پایان نامه اثر قوّه قاهره بر تعهّدات، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.
53) محمّدی، عبّاس، 1386، رساله قرارداد اجاره کشتی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران.
54) مطوری، محمّدرضا، 1386، پایاننامه وظائف و مسؤولیّتهای مستأجر در انواع چارترپارتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی.
منابع عربی:
55) خالد، عدلی امیر، 2000، احکام دعوی مسؤولیه الناقل البحری، اسکندریه، منشاه المعارف، چ 1.
منابع انگلیسی:
53) Baughen, Simon, 2001, Shipping Law, London, Cavendish Publishing, Second Edition.
54) Berlingieri, Francesco, 2009, A Comparative Analysis of The Hsgue-Visby Rules, The Hamburg Rules and The Rotterdam Rules, Marrakesh, Paper delivered at the General Assembly of the AMD.
55) Dockary, Martin, 2004, Cases & Materials on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, London, Cavendish publishing Limited, third edition.
56) Grime, Robert, Shipping Law, London, sweet&Maxwell,
57) Li, KX, 2002, Maritime Law and Policy in China, London, Cavendish Publishing, 1 ed.
58) Oxford, Dictionary of Law, 2002, New York, Oxford University Press, Fifth edition.
59) Scrutton, Thomas Edward, 1974, Charter Parties and Bill of Lading, London, Sweet & Maxwell, 8 ed.
60) Tetley, William, 2002, International Marritime & Admiralty Law, Editions Y.Blais.
61) Tiberg, Hogo, 1995, the Law of Demurrage, London, Sweet & Maxwell, 4ed.
62) Todd, Paul, 1988, Contract for Carriage of Goods by Sea, London, BSP Professional Books, 1ed.
63) Treitel, G.H, 1979, An Outline of the Law of contract, London, Oxford University Press, 2ed.
64) Christou, R, 1982, a comparison between the doctrines of force majeure and frustration, Law and finance review, vol3.
65) Hedley, Steve, 1990, Carriage by Sea: Frustration and Force Majeure, The Cambridge Law Journal, Vol. 49, No. 2.
66) Kessedjian, Catherine, 2005, Competing Approach to Force Majeure and Hardship, International Review of Law and Economics, vol 25, issue 3.
منابع فرانسوی:
69) Carbonnier, Jean, 1972, Droit Civil, t4, Obligations, Paris, Presses Univ.De France, 7 ed.
70) Mazeaud(H.L.J) de Jugiart (M) , 1978, Lecons de Droit Civil , Paris, Editions Montechrestien, T,II, ler Vol.
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77) Weill, Alex, 1980, Droit Civil, Les Obligations, Paris.
*قوانین و مقرّرات خارجی
78) International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law relating to Bills of Lading.
79) Protocol to Amend the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading.
80) Unidroit Principles of International Commercial Contracts by International Institute for the Unification of Private Law.
81) United Nation Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea.
82) United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea.
83) United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale.
Carriage of goods by sea shall be studied in two categories: contract under the bill of lading and charter party. Article 55 of Iranian maritime code, following Brussels’ convention; provides exemptions from liability of carrier in contract under the bill of lading and, just gives examples of force majeure without clear referral to it. As the rules are mandatory and it is impossible to insert a restricting clause or increase liability, in this thesis writer tries to suggest a solution for possibility of referring to force majeure in the mentioned contracts.
Effect of force majeure in domain of charter parties has no trait to study. But the present thesis is to analyse the effect of force majeure in a situation that some contractual obligations have been carried out and force majeure is the impediment to execution of contract.
Key words:
Force majeure, responsibility, obligation, carriage of goods by sea
Humanity Sciences Faculty of Shahed University
For The Degree of Master of Private Law